Congressional Art Competition 2013
The US Government is divided into three branches - executive, judicial and legislative.
The executive branch consists of the President and most of the federal agencies who conduct the business of the government at home and overseas. The main job of the executive branch is to execute or carry out the laws and policies of the United States.
The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court as well the federal appellate and district courts.
The legislative branch consists of two parts - the Senate and the House of Representatives, which together form the United States Congress. Each state is represented by two Senators and is divided into a number of Congressional Districts proportional to the state's population. Members of Congress meet in Washington, DC at the United States Capitol Building. (Learn more)
Congress' main job is to pass laws for the United States. A law begins as a bill written by a Representative or a Senator. It first goes to a committee, a smaller group of Congress members with experience debating a certain group of issues. The members of the committee hold hearings to learn more about the issue and may change the bill. Next, they take a vote, and if the bill passes it goes to either the entire House or the entire Senate depending on whether it was written by a Senator or a Representative.
If it passes, the bill then goes to the other half of the Congress for a vote. Once the bill has passed both the House and the Senate, then the President must decide whether to sign it into law or to veto it. If the President vetoes the bill, the Congress can vote to override the President's veto, but this requires the votes of two-thirds of the members of both houses.
More Educational Government Sites for Kids:
|Kids in the House : "Kids in the House" is the Office of the Clerk's official Web site for kids, parents, and teachers. On this site you can explore the role the Office of the Clerk plays in the U.S. House of Representatives and learn about the legislative process and its effect on you.|
|First Gov For Kids: First Gov For Kids is the federal government’s interagency Kids' Portal. The site was developed and is maintained by the Federal Consumer Information Center. It provides links to federal kids' sites along with some of the best kids' sites from other organizations all grouped by subject.|
|Kids.us: In 1992, Rep. Markey co-sponsered legislation, "The Dot Kids Dot US Act" (HR 3833), that created the internet domain kids.us to provide a space on the internet for fun and safe sites just for kids. The government monitors and enforces safety standards on the sites hosted on its domain. Visit this site to find links to more kid-friendly sites.|